3.Rinto Herry Mambrasar
Survey at Mokwam Village, Kabupaten Manokwari
This survey was organized in order to get data for the essay of Mosaba Uma Duwiri, a student at the Papua State University (UNIPA) at Manokwari, who did her practicum at the insect laboratory of K.S.P. in Jayapura. She was accompanied by Mrs. Rawati Panjaitan, teacher of biology at UNIPA, three other UNIPA students and Rinto H. Mambrasar.
The village Mokwam (1,400 m) we reached by car from Manokwari, in about three hours passing 66 km and we arrived there in wet and cold weather (18º C).
Several aspects of the forest are used by local people in various ways:
· Tourists will come to see the various species of birds; however many specimens were also used for consumption.
· Also the meat of tree- and ground-couscous, tree kangaroo, and ekidna were used for consumption.
· Special kinds of timber are used for building houses and meeting rooms.
· Bark is used to close the walls in the houses and for making bags (noken).
· Many plants are used as various medicines.
· Bamboo is used in various ways, as floors and walls in houses, as fence, as water laid and for transportation.
The survey resulted in 83 species of butterflies: 8 Papilionidae, 17 Pieridae, 33 Lycaenidae and 25 Nymphalidae. According to the elevation 37 species were reported at 1,000 m, 28 species at 1,400 m and 18 species at 1,800 m. Most species were found along riversides and in old garden areas.
The way in which people use the forest has a negative impact on flora and fauna, so that some protection should be useful.
The total result is available in the following essay: Duwiri, Mosaba Uma. 2007. Keragaman dan penyebaran Kupu-kupu Superfamili Papilionoidea, Di Kampung Mokwam, Distrik Minyambouw, Provinsi Papua Barat (unpublished).