2. Rawati Panjaitan
Komunitas Kupu-Kupu Superfamili Papilionoidea (Lepidoptera) di Kawasan Hutan Wisata Alam Gunung Meja, Manokwari, Papua Barat
Rawati Panjaitan. Butterfly Community of Superfamily Papilionoidea (Lepidoptera) at Gunung Meja Recreational Forest Area, Manokwari, Papua Barat. Supervised by Tri Atmowidi and Djunijanti Peggie.
Abstract:Gunung Meja, a forest area near Manokwari, West Papua province, has been designated as a recreational forest since 1980. Gunung Meja covers 460.25 ha and is located at 75 – 175 m asl. Gunung Meja is directly adjacent to residential areas, 50 that the community activities, such as felling trees and gardening are of ten conducted in the area. These can interfere with the existence of flora and fauna Suara Serangga Papua, 2011,6 (2) Oktober – Desember 2011 62 inside, including butterflies. To assess the impact of intrusive human activities on the forest area, it is necessary to obtain basic information about what flora and fauna are present. This study aims to record the butterfly community in the area. Observations of butterflies were done by scan sampling on primary forest, secondary forest, gardens and settlements. Sampling and measurement of environmental parameters were performed in the morning and afternoon for seven weeks. This study recorded 113 species and 4.049 individuals of butterflies. There were 75 species in primary forest, 77 species in secondary forest, and 63 species in gardens and settlements. The number of species found continued to increase until the last day of the observation. Shannon-Wiener index (H’) calculation showed that diversity in primary and secondary forests were 3.48 and 3.50, respectively, thus classified as high (H’ > 3). Sorensen index calculation (CN) showed high value reaching 0.5 quantitatively.
Keywords: Butterflies, Gunung Meja, Manokwari, species, individual